Environmental protection is the joint responsibility of every inhabitant of this planet, also know as the blue planet or Earth. There are different kinds of pollutants and contaminants spreading at a rapid speed in the natural environment around us, such as the atmosphere, sediment, surface water, soil and groundwater. Environmental protection has become very vital not only for the preservation of the environment but also the survival of our planet. There are some environmental protection agencies that are doing their level best to remove the pollutants and control their spread so as to protect the general welfare of human health, flora and fauna and, of course,our environment..
Let us take a look at the top environmental protection agencies working in this direction.
Environmental Protection Agency
EPA or Environmental Protection Agency studies the influence of hydraulic fracturing on drinking water resources. The results of these studies will no doubt be the momentum behind the regulatory and policy changes that can leave major impact on hydraulic fracturing fluids, the shale gas industry. EPA researchers look into the impacts of surface spills due to ground and surface waters as well as waste disposal and wastewater treatment.
Helcom or Helsinki Commission comprises of the efforts of nine European countries with the main objective of protecting the Baltic Se. There are strong collaboration and ties between the governments of these countries having a common goal.
African Maritime Safety and Security Agency
African Maritime Safety and Security Agency or AMMSA too ha environment protection as its chief agenda. The organization is involved in analytical activities and researching to solve the problems and offer better solutions due to unchecked marine pollution and other maritime activities.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
A scientific intergovernmental body or IPCC was first set up by World Meteorological Organization and United Nations Environment Programme in 1988. Chaired by Rajendra K. Pachauri, the main aim is to offer detailed scientific assessments of the current risks due to climate changes caused by human activities. It gathers technical, scientific and socio-economic information from all over the world. However, IPCC is not involved in its own original research. The main job of IPCC is to publish special reports relating to implementation of policies to counter harmful climate changes.
United Nations Environment Programme
This is an international organization that coordinates the environmental activities of
United Nations and also helps developing countries to make environmentally sound policies and hoe to implement them. It was founded in 1972 due to the efforts of United Nations Conference on the Human Environmen and helps in the setting up of the guidelines on issues such as the transboundary air pollution, harmful chemicals and international waterways contamination. UNEP has published many reports and newsletters relating toenvironment and human well-being, offering information as well as analysis to the concerned public and policy makers.
Earth System Governance Project
This is along term social science research programme developed under the patronage of the International Human Dimensions program on Global Environmental Change. Initiated in 2009, it will supposedly conclude in 2018.. The chief goal of this project is to face the complex challenges global environmental change with the help of cutting-edge science and study the relationship of humans with global biochemical systems and natural environment. Earth System Governance Project depends on global network for all its activities and implementation.
The Global Environment Facility
This is a unified effort of 182 member governments to address global environmental issues. The GEF is an independent financial organization and offers grants to developing countries and countries for projects related toclimate change, biodiversity, land degradation, persistent organic pollutants and the ozone layer. Established in 1991, GEF is one of the biggest fund providers for projects improving the global environment. GEF Council is the chief governing body of the GEF and operates as an independent board of directors.
Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia
PEMSEA or Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia has been initiated by United Nations Development Programme and was started in 1994. Currently it is being hosted by the Philippines’ and looks into marine pollution in the East Asian Seas, Straits of Singapore and Straits of Malacca. This programme was actively involved in the adoption of many national and regional agreements such as Manila Bay Declaration, Bohai Sea Declaration and Putrajaya Declaration.
Founded in 1990, the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives is an
international association of local governments with a commitment to sustainable development. Today, there are more than 1200 cities and towns and their associations in 70 countries work with ICLEI to attain local, national, and global objectives of sustainability. ICLEI offers knowledge, local support and implementation of locally designed initiatives to protect the environment. ICLEI is a democratic organization and each local government Member holds a position on the Council.
Government of Canada legally incorporated Environnement Canada or EC with the duty for managong environmental programs and policies as well as preserving renewable resources and natural environment, such as air, water and soil quality. Non-domestic flora and fauna and including migratory birds too come under the program. The department is also accountable for international environmental issues and clan up any oil spills and hazardous waste. EC Enforcement Branch has started 176 inquiries for violations under EIHWHRMR and many of these are still in progress.
Apart from these top 10 environmental protection agencies, there are many other groups and organizations working at the grass root level to protect the environment and raise awareness among masses on the issue. Varying aspects play an important role in the success of these efforts being made, such as legislation and law enforcement as well as role of government. However, environmental protection in a broadest sense, is seen to be the responsibility of all people and not simply that of government. Environmental decision-making processes are becoming more collaborative in many countries all across the world. After all the future of the blue planet is at stake!