Green Buzz wants to help you with this post to start your own healthy little garden. So here are some tips on how to make organic garden.
Unfortunately, the recent popularity of the organic food raised the prices significantly, but if you still want to eat healthy and reduce the consuming of pesticides, starting an Organic Garden in your backyard is a great option. Here are eight basic steps to start it.
1. Site Selection
First of all, you have to choose where to plant. You’ll want to choose the location of your garden depending on what you want to plant. For herbs and vegetables you’ll need a site that gets several hours of sun every day, but also a site that could be drained well. If you choose an ornamental bed, then it’s easy to locate anywhere, depending on the needs of your plants.
Another factor that you should consider is the condition of the soil in your backyard. You can feed the soil with the necessary nutrients easily, but if some parts of your backyard are ready for planting, then you should have that in mind when choosing the site.
2. Prepare the Soil
If there’s no already-prepared-for-planting soil in your backyard, then you should do it yourself. If you know nothing about its quality, you have two options: buying a home testing kit, or sending a sample to your local agricultural extension office. You will get all the necessary data about the soil for low cost, and you’ll get detailed information about the nutrients that the soil needs.
The next thing you should do to prepare the soil is making good compost. It’s simple as mixing leaves and garden trimmings (brown materials) with kitchen scraps and manure (green materials), soil and a little water. It should be maintained for about two months, and you’ll get excellent food for you new organic garden.
3. Select the Plants
Your garden is ready to be planted, and now you should choose with what. Be sure to choose plants arose without any chemicals or fertilizers, as they could be “addicted” to that, and that could be a reason for you to fail with the idea of having an Organic Garden in your backyard. The best option is to look at the local farmers’ market. There you can find plants well suited to your area, which do not need any chemicals.
Another good option is to buy seeds and grow your own plants. However, many plants require seeds, such as cucumbers, sunflowers, coriander, squash, morning glories and others.
Dig a hole at least twice the root of the plant, put the plant in, backfill with the removed soil, and water properly.
Be sure to plant in wide beds. Group them and you will reduce the water and nutrients waste.
Finally, cover your garden with a two-three inch layer of organic mulch, composed from leaves, grass clipping and so on.
Your next task is to water the plants. You need to be aware of two things. First, you have to know how much water they need. To little or too much water could destroy your garden. Second, water your plants early in the morning, because the risk of evaporation is lowest in that period of the day. Temperatures are similar in the evenings, but there’s risk of damages by fungal and bacterial diseases.
Weeding is necessary if you want to keep your garden clean without using any pesticides. Pouring chemicals in you backyard where your children play is not a good idea, so pull all of them with your hands. If you get tired too soon, hire some of the neighbors’ kids. They will appreciate the money they’ll get, but you will teach them something about organic gardening as well.
7. Protect the Plants without Toxic Pesticides
One of the most important steps to start an Organic Garden in your backyard is keeping the toxic pesticides away from it. There are many alternatives, so be sure to be informed about them. If you don’t know any, ask the agricultural extension service.
Other good options are applying a net all over it, attracting pests-predators, such as frogs and birds, or Bacillus Thuringiensis, bacteria which is not friendly to the pests.
You final step should be cleaning up all the sick plants, if there are any. Make sure to throw away the entire plant, altogether with the roots, in order to prevent the rest of the plants from disease.